Training Catalogue

    What is ISO 27001:2022 and how does an ISMS work?

    ISO 27001:2022 is an internationally recognized standard for information security management systems (ISMS). The ISO standard provides a systematic approach to managing sensitive company information, ensuring the data’s confidentiality, integrity, and availability. ISO 27001:2022 outlines requirements and best practices for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving an ISMS within an organisation.

    By adhering to ISO 27001:2022, organisations can identify and mitigate information security risks, protect against security breaches, and demonstrate a commitment to safeguarding sensitive information.

    Importance of an Information Security Management System

    In today’s digital age, information security is essential for organisations of all sizes and industries. With the increasing volume and complexity of cyber threats, protecting sensitive data and information assets have become a priority. Information security breaches can lead to severe consequences, including financial losses, damage to reputation, regulatory fines, and legal liabilities.

    By implementing robust information security measures using the framework ISO 27001:2022 provides, organisations can minimise the risk of security incidents, safeguard their assets, and maintain the trust and confidence of customers, partners, and stakeholders.

    The key principles of ISO 27001:2022

    ISO 27001:2022 emphasises the importance of identifying, assessing, and managing information security risks. Organisations are required to conduct regular risk assessments to identify threats, vulnerabilities, and the potential impacts on their information assets. By implementing appropriate controls and mitigation measures, organisations can minimise the likelihood and impact of security incidents.

    Top management commitment is crucial for the successful implementation of ISO 27001. Leaders must demonstrate their support for information security initiatives, allocate resources, and establish a culture of security awareness throughout the organisation. The commitment from management fosters accountability, transparency, and compliance with information security requirements.

    ISO 27001:2022 helps organisations comply with relevant laws, regulations, and contractual requirements related to information security. By implementing an ISMS, organisations can demonstrate compliance with data protection regulations, industry standards, and contractual obligations. This reduces the risk of penalties, fines, and legal liabilities associated with information security breaches.

    By utilising ISO 27001:2022, organisations can promote a culture of continual improvement in information security practices. Organisations are encouraged to regularly review and update their information security management system (ISMS) to address emerging threats, technological advancements, and changing business requirements. Continuous improvement ensures the effectiveness and relevance of information security controls over time.

    Clauses of ISO 27001:2022

    ISO 27001:2022 follows the same structured framework as the standard to facilitate the implementation of an effective ISMS.

    Scope: This clause defines the scope of the ISMS and specifies the boundaries of the information security management system within the organisation.

    Normative references: The second clause lists relevant documents referenced in the ISO standard or industry guidelines.

    Terms and definitions: Provides definitions of key terms used throughout the standard to ensure a common understanding of information security concepts.

    Context of the organisation: The third clause requires organisations to consider internal and external factors that may affect the information security management system. This includes the organisation’s objectives, stakeholders, and regulatory environment.

    Leadership: The focus of clause four in the standard is the role of top management in establishing, implementing, and maintaining the ISMS, including defining information security policies and objectives.

    Planning: Focuses on risk assessment, treatment, and the development of information security objectives and plans to achieve them.

    Support: Addresses resource management, competence, awareness, communication, and documented information necessary to support the information security management system.

    Operation: Covers operational planning and control, including the implementation of security controls, management of information security incidents, and business continuity planning.

    Performance evaluation: Performance evaluations allows the organisation to monitor, measure, analyse, and evaluate the performance of the ISMS, including internal audits and management reviews.

    Improvement: The last clause of ISO 27001:2022 encourages organisations to take corrective and preventive actions to address non-conformities, improve the effectiveness of the ISMS, and enhance information security performance continuously.

    Benefits of implementing ISO 27001:2022

    Implementing ISO 27001:2022 offers several benefits to organisations, including:

    • an ISMS enhances information security in the organisation by identifying and mitigating information security risks, protecting sensitive information from unauthorised access, disclosure, or alteration.
    • Certification in ISO 27001:2022 makes the organisation’s compliance with legal, regulatory, and contractual requirements related to data protection easier.
    • Enhancing customer confidence by implementing robust information security controls to protect customer data and sensitive information.
    • Certification in the ISO 27001:2022 standard can give organisations a competitive edge by differentiating them from competitors and demonstrating their commitment to the best information security practices.
    • By implementing an ISMS can lead to cost savings by reducing the likelihood of security breaches, data loss, and downtime.

    Every organisation can benefit from implementing the ISO 27001:2022 standard. The frameworks provided ensure that the organisation saves time, money and resources while ensuring their data is safe from breaches.

    Steps for implementing ISO 27001:2022

    Implementing an ISMS requires a systematic approach and a commitment to information security principles. The overview of the implementation steps for an ISMS include:

    Establishing the scope

    Define the scope of the ISMS by identifying the boundaries, objectives, and requirements for protecting information assets within the organisation.

    Conduct a GAP analysis

    Conduct a comprehensive gap analysis to assess the current information security practices and identify areas for improvement before starting the implementation of ISO 27001:2022.

    Conduct a risk assessment

    Identify and assess information security risks by conducting a thorough risk assessment. Evaluate threats, vulnerabilities, and potential impacts to determine the level of risk associated with information assets.

    Develop the policies and procedures

    Monique Oberholzer

    The information security policies, procedures, and controls will be based on the results of the risk assessment. All roles, responsibilities, and accountability for implementing and maintaining the ISMS will need to be defined.

    Implement controls

    Implement appropriate information security controls to mitigate identified risks and protect information assets, this may include technical, administrative, and physical controls.

    Training employees

    Training and awareness programs concerning ISO 27001:2022 would need to be provided to employees at all levels to ensure they understand their roles and responsibilities in maintaining information security. This fosters a culture of security consciousness and encourages active participation in security initiatives.

    Monitor and review

    Establish monitoring and review mechanisms to track the effectiveness of implemented controls and measure compliance with ISO 27001:2022 requirements. Conduct regular audits, assessments, and reviews to identify areas for improvement and address non-conformities.

    Management review

    Hold management reviews to evaluate the performance of the ISMS, review audit findings, and make necessary adjustments to improve the effectiveness of information security controls and to ensure compliance with ISO 27001:2022.

    Continuous improvement

    Reviews of the ISMS should include emerging threats, changes in technology, and business requirements. Implement metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) to monitor and measure the performance of the ISMS. Use data-driven insights to identify trends and track progress.

    The steps of implementing the ISO 27001:2022 standard can be very daunting when done without any expert help. At WWISE we have expert consultants who will be able to help you through the entire process.

    Overcoming the common challenges of implementing ISO 27001:2022

    The biggest obstacle with implementing ISMS is not having the support from top management. This can be avoided by getting management involved in the process and educating everyone on the importance of ISO 27001:2022 and how the standard can support the organisation.

    Involve employees early on in the implementation process, provide training and support. Foster a sense of ownership and engagement and promote the acceptance of information security initiatives.

    Ensure all the adequate resources, including budget, personnel, and technology, to support the implementation of ISO 27001:2022 has been allocated. Activities should be prioritised according to risk and business impact to optimise existing resources.

    Break down the implementation process into manageable tasks and phases to simplify the process and to avoid overwhelm. Speak to one of our ISO 27001:2022 experts to navigate any technical challenge and ensure compliance with the ISMS requirements.

    Document all policies, procedures, and controls clearly and communicate them effectively to all relevant stakeholders, management and employees. Ensure that employees understand their roles and responsibilities in maintaining information security and comply with established guidelines.


    What are the main changes in ISO 27001:2022 compared to previous versions?

    The main changes in ISO 27001:2022 compared to previous versions include:

    It has become easier for organisations to integrate their ISMS with other management systems such as quality (ISO 9001:2015) and environmental management (ISO 14001:2015).

    ISO 27001:2022 introduced more explicit requirements for organisations to adopt a risk-based approach to information security management. Including establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving the ISMS.

    The ISO 27001:2022 version includes new controls that include information security for cloud services, threat intelligence, and data leakage prevention. Their additions reflect the growing importance of cloud computing, big data, and the need for more proactive security measures.

    How can a company become ISO 27001 certified?

    To become internationally compliant and certified, a company must follow the following steps:

    • Do a GAP analysis

    Conduct a gap analysis to assess the organisation’s current information security practices and identify areas that need improvement to meet the requirements of an ISMS.

    • Develop and implement an ISMS

    Develop and implement an information security management system (ISMS) that aligns with the requirements of ISO 27001:2022. This includes establishing policies, procedures, and controls to protect sensitive information.

    • Do internal audits

    Conduct internal audits of the ISMS to assess compliance with ISO 27001:2022 requirements and identify areas for improvement.

    • Pass the certification audit

    Select an accredited certification body to conduct an independent certification audit of the ISMS. The certification body will assess the organisation’s compliance with ISO 27001:2022 requirements and determine eligibility for certification.

    • Address any non-conformities

    Any non-conformity will need to be identified and addressed during the certification audit and corrective actions would need to be implemented to resolve them.

    • Receive ISO 27001:2022 certification

    Upon successful completion of the certification audit and resolution of any non-conformities, the organisation will receive ISO 27001:2022 certification, demonstrating its commitment to information security best practices.

    By adopting ISO 27001:2022, organisations can proactively manage their information security risks, protect sensitive data and intellectual property, and demonstrate a commitment to maintaining the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets. Certification not only enhances organisational resilience against cyber threats but also instils trust and confidence among customers, partners, and stakeholders while fostering a competitive advantage in the marketplace.

    Recent Articles